• Thanushree Anil

Pythagoras: A man who saw the universe in numbers

When Pythagoras was asked why do humans exist, he said: “ to observe the heavens”.

Pythagoras of Samos, the Greek philosopher who is universally famous for his Pythagoras theorem that we use right up to this date is much more than his theorem; he wasn’t just famous for his numbers, he connected numbers with life. Pythagoras contributed in the field of mathematics, astronomy, music, geometry, cosmology.

Pythagoras had his religion, he believed that the soul goes through transmigration in many of the species in the world until it has attained purity, only then will the soul be freed and join the clouds above to the abode of God.

Pythagoras of Samos

He was considered as the son of the Greek God Apollo for his versatility and knowledge.

He formed a relationship between music and numbers, life and numbers, he proclaimed that all things full of life or lifeless are numbers.

Mathematics: Calculation

Mathematics: Mystic?

Pythagoras and his disciples, Pythagoreans used mathematics for mystical purposes. As all of them believed that everything and anything is comprised of numbers.

All even numbers are feminine and the odd, masculine.

The number one represented the origin of all things alive and lifeless. (THE MONAD)

The number two represented matter (THE DYAD), also as the symbol of the female principle.

The number three formed the triangle symbol of the god Apollo and the symbol of the male principle.

The number four represented the four-season(winter, summer, autumn, spring), the four elements(fire, water, air, earth) and justice.

Ten was regarded as the perfect number because 1+2+3+4 = 10, comprising of all the roots and their existence.

The coming together of number 2 and 3 would be 5 as in marriage.

Numerous interpretations exist since no original writings of Pythagoras exist.

According to the notes of Mary Holden, while editing the book Mrs Velvet and the Blue String Theory by Linda Heart, the Pythagoras theorem can be connected with psychology as in:

A2 +B2 =C2

a = denial as a function of thought by the human spirit;

b = acceptance as a function of thought/feeling by the human spirit;

c = expansion of the human spirit.

Like all things in the universe, constructive response to anything will result in the same, once you set the left foot forward and right following you make a step, a shift in the alignment of your body and you have a step. Whether forward or backward it is for you to decide.

A certain decision with determination stepped with positivity will result in productive work; a positive quantity times a positivity equals to a positive quantity giving the double the effect.

A deleterious unconstructive mind with a step forward will always pull you back to the negative realm, it would pull you back into the black hole of pessimism no matter how many steps you take forward.

A negative quantity times a negative quantity and you get a positive quantity.

Now, what would a negative quantity times a negative quantity give?

A positive quantity. That doesn’t quite add up doesn’t it? A negative emotion and a negative step should make you fall through the dark pits of Tartarus and plunge you into the never knowing dark.

Pretty dramatic at what could be, but right now we have a positive quantity on the right side of the ‘=’ so what does that mean?

Is it wrong?

Pythagoras connected everything with numbers
Pythagoras connected everything with numbers

Think about it, a negative quantity relating to psychology is related to denial, a denial that nothing is wrong with you, you don't have any flaws, you are on the right path.

Denial that you are completely fine times a denial that you know you are denying the fact that you are not fine comes out as acceptance of what you are facing currently.

Acceptance: positive quantity

Understanding that you are denying what you face, is not troubling you, can be an eye-opener and take an upbeat progressive step.

Now let's take a look at the equation once more

a2 +b2 =c2

Denial multiplied by Denial comes out as Acceptance (a2) and then Acceptance multiplied by Acceptance comes out as even more Acceptance (b2) and when they both add together, they form a perfect trinity of lines that form a triangle of acceptance, also squared by itself (c2) to create an expansion of the human spirit.

A man who lived ahead of his times; Pythagoreanism

Some insights

Pythagoras proposed that the earth was spherical rather than flat in shape. He proposed not based on physical aspects of evidence but on the basis of aesthetic perfection as greeks believed that the sphere was the most perfect shape.

He believed that to understand the universe to its core, mathematics (numbers) was the key. According to his ‘harmony of the spheres’, the heavenly bodies move according to mathematical equations that correspond to musical notes and form part of a grand cosmic symphony.

Pythagoras of Samos did not separate science and religion, he is said to have many gifts such as remembering his four previous lives in great detail, bilocation (being in two places at a time).


Pythagoreanism was the way of life, based on the beliefs and teachings of Pythagoras, the men and women followed him were knows as Pythagoreans.

Pythagoras and women philosophers
Pythagoras and women philosophers

The Pythagoreans followed certain ethics other than the mainstream greek ethics. They used to only wear white clothes and was never allowed to talk about what they have gathered as knowledge to common people. The holy couldn't be spoken and worn. They were refrained from wearing symbols of the holy.

Pythagoras didn’t discriminate from man to woman as in his school there were women philosophers as well. His mother, wife and daughters were included in as well. The Pythagoreans were also taught to practice domestic skills in addition to philosophy.

Pythagoras endorsing vegetarianism
Pythagoras endorsing vegetarianism

All his pupils were taught to follow vegetarianism as he believed that causing pain to animals would tarnish the moral status of a person. Unless the animal posed a threat it is unnecessary to kill them and eat them.

Amidst a lot of controversies, the lack of no original copy of Pythagoras's works leads us to just speculations from the works of Plato, Aristotle, and some others.



Phrazis helps you to explore your hidden love for space, providing you in-depth knowledge in the easiest means possible. Cling on to the website to learn space-related info every day.