Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveils 50,000 Crore Package to boost the rural economy
On Saturday, Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated massive employment -cum- rural public works Campaign,‘Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyan from Telihar, Bihar.
The scheme is specifically for millions of migrant workers who lost their job due to the current pandemic and have rare hopes of going back to the cities.
The campaign focuses primarily on the Rural Development and Infrastructure development of the Villages across six different states of India.
What's under the belt?
The Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan will be implemented with an outlay of Rs.50,000 Crore across six different states - Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, and Odisha. The implementation period will be run on a mission mode for 125 days across 116 districts and 27 aspirational districts.
It is to be implemented across 25 work areas. These areas have the potential to strengthen the economic development of Rural India. These activities include - Construction of Community Sanitation Centre, Construction of National Highway works, Railway, Bharat Net, Construction of Anganwadi Centers, etc.
The mission will be implemented by effective coordination between 12 different ministries that include- Rural Development, Panchayati Raj, Road Transport and Highways, Mines, Drinking Water and Sanitation, Environment, Railways, Petroleum and Natural Gas, New and Renewable Energy, Border Roads, Telecom, and Agriculture. The scheme is set to provide jobs and relief to benefit 67 Lakh Migrants out of 1 Crore Migrants of India.
The main objective is to provide livelihood opportunities to those migrants who have been affected by the pandemic and have returned after losing out their jobs in the cities.
Another key objective is to saturate villages through infrastructural development and create livelihood opportunities viz—roads, Housing, Anganwadis, Panchayat Bhavans, etc. A wide variety of works that includes 25 areas will ensure that each migrant worker will now have a chance to earn depending upon different skill set in the coming 125 days.
The scheme aims to provide modern facilities in rural areas. The Prime Minister said it is the first time that the rural areas are using more internet than the urban areas. High speed and cheap network connectivity will help the youth living In Rural India. Therefore, as a part of rural development, the Government is planning on laying of fiber cable and provision of the internet through the scheme.
The Government is also aiming at setting up industries that are enabled by local products in various districts. For instance, Makhana in Bihar, Chilli Production in Madhya Pradesh, Amla, and Mangoes in Uttar Pradesh and rich forest produce from the states of Odisha and Jharkhand.
What’s in the basket for the farmers?
The Prime Minister said that Aatma Nirbhar farmers are equally essential for a Self-Reliant India (AatmaNirbhar) Bharat. Indian farmers have been dealing with a complex set of laws and reforms that do not give them enough freedom to trade. He said the Government took a major step by removing various shackles of unwanted rules and regulations so that the farmer can freely sell his produce anywhere in the country and connect directly with traders who offer a better price for his produce. The scheme involves an investment of Rs.1,00,000 Crore that will directly link the farmers to the markets through Cold storage.
The scheme is different from MNREGA because MNREGA ensures 100 days of employment per household in a year and is applicable across the country, whereas the Garib Kalyan Rozgar Yojana is a one-time scheme for providing employment to those migrants who lost their jobs and returned to villages due to the ongoing pandemic.
Some states like Chhattisgarh have criticized the Central Government for not including it when the state saw tons of migrants returning back. Some opposition leaders doubt the implementation of the scheme.
However, the scheme aims at helping talents who lost their jobs and give them a myriad of opportunities to find new jobs according to their skill set. This scheme may lead India and reform rural India for the better.